|Statement||prepared for Royalty Oil and Gas Development Advisory Board, State of Alaska.|
|Contributions||Alaska. Royalty Oil and Gas Development Advisory Board.|
|LC Classifications||HD9579.C33 U517 1979|
|The Physical Object|
|Pagination||ii, 30 leaves :|
|Number of Pages||30|
|LC Control Number||79625523|
This chapter discusses the natural gas liquids recovery. Most natural gas is processed to remove the heavier hydrocarbon liquids from the natural gas stream. These heavier hydrocarbon liquids commonly referred to as natural gas liquids (NGLs) include ethane, propane, butanes, and natural . After years of evaluation, the province of Alberta is now moving forward to convert natural gas and gas liquids into chemicals and plastics. In , Alberta launched its first Petrochemical Diversification Program (PDP1) which resulted in plans for about $6 billion in new Alberta petrochemical investments in propane-to-polypropylene conversion by Inter Pipeline and by Canada Kuwait. The global petrochemical industry has experienced more than 15 years of strong volume growth: annual ethylene production has risen from around million metric tons in to almost million metric tons in In conjunction with this volume growth, value creation has also risen at a 4 percent compound annual growth rate since Electricity. Excess electricity is treated with the credit approach, whereby electricity is assumed to come from a standalone natural gas-fired power plant at an energy efficiency of 55% (Ren et al., ).Sensitivity tests regarding other energy efficiencies will be discussed in Section ing on whether electricity is imported or co-generated, energy use for electricity production.
PETROCHEMICAL INDUSTRY - 5 LNG and Natural Gas Processing Plants In the ’s and s, the U.S. was looking to import liquid natural gas (LNG) from overseas to help meet domestic demand amid a perception of limited affordable supply in this country. But then about decade ago, the expanded use of innovative techniques to. Recent shale gas discoveries in the United States and Canada have dramatically increased the supply of natural gas liquids, which has transformed North America into a low-cost region for chemicals production once again. A large number of global chemical companies are now expanding or building facilities in the region. Natural gas is the most energy efficient fossil fuel—it offers important energy saving benefits when it is used instead of oil or coal. Although the primary use of natural gas is as a fuel, it is also a source of hydrocarbons for petrochemical feedstock and a major source of elemental sulfur, an important industrial chemical. Petrochemical production consists of each process that p roduces acrylonitrile, carbon black, ethylene, ethylene dichloride, ethylene oxide, or methanol, except the following are excluded from the petrochemical production source category: • Processes that produce a petrochemical as a byproduct.
The natural gas produced in Appalachia contains valuable resources in the form of natural gas liquids (NGLs), including ethane and propane. When separated from the natural gas stream, ethane and propane are key feedstocks for the petrochemical industry to . The natural gas, with its relatively inexpensive price, provides energy and raw materials for processing. The steel industry is the single largest industrial consumer of energy, absorbing approximately 4% of global energy production. In developed countries, the cost of energy is between 15% and 20% of total steel production. Natural gas infrastructure in the Netherlands is changing in response to declining natural gas production tags: Netherlands production/supply EIA survey of energy use by U.S. manufacturers shows increased use of natural gas, HGLs. Ethane production growth led to record U.S. natural gas plant liquids production in J Development of Alaska’s ANWR would increase U.S. crude oil production after